14 days

Essential Uzbekistan & Turkmenistan

Explore the historical heritage of Persian Central Asia
Tashkent (1 days) Samarkand (2) Khiva (2) Konye-Urgench (2) The Karakum Desert (1) Ashgabat (2) Merv (2) Bukhara (1) Tashkent (1)
View itinerary
10 days

Kazakhstan & Kyrgyzstan Unwrapped

Explore the lakes and landscapes of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
Almaty (1 days) Altyn Emel National Park (1) Charyn Canyon (1) The Karkara Valley (1) Karakol (2) Lake Issyk Kul (1) Song Kul Lake (1) The Suusamyr Valley (1) Bishkek (1)
View itinerary
10 days

The Kazakhstan Loop

Almaty, Shymkent, Astana and Karaganda
Almaty (4 days) Shymkent (3) Astana (2) Karaganda (1) Almaty (1)
View itinerary
12 days

The Uzbekistan Loop

Explore the highlights of Uzbekistan
Tashkent (1 days) Samarkand (2) Bukhara (3) Khiva (3) Tashkent (1)
View itinerary
21 days

Tajikistan & Uzbekistan Adventure

The Pamir Highway and the Uzbekistan loop
Osh (1 days) The Pamir Highway (4) Khorog (1) Dushanbe (2) Khujand (3) Tashkent (1) Samarkand (2) Bukhara (3) Khiva (3) Tashkent (1)
View itinerary
21 days

The Silk Road Trail

Explore Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan
Almaty (3 days) Karakol (2) Song Kul Lake (2) Arslanbob (2) Fergana Valley (2) Tashkent (2) Samarkand (2) Bukhara (2) Merv (2) Ashgabat (2)
View itinerary
  • Kazakhstan

    Kazakhstan

    A land for wanderers
    ...
  • Nur-Sultan (Astana)

    Nur-Sultan (Astana)

    ...
  • Astana

    Astana

    Gleaming constructions of glass and steel by the world’s top architects, rising out of nowhere from an inhospitable desert...
  • Charyn Canyon

    Charyn Canyon

    ...
  • Altyn Emel National Park

    ...
  • Turkestan

    ...
  • Shymkent

    Shymkent

    Located on the southern tip of Kazakhstan, just north of Kyrgyzstan’s Tashkent, Shymkent is the third most populated city in Kazakhstan and a cultural and industrial hub...
  • Aktau

    Aktau

    ...
  • Ustyurt Plateau

    Ustyurt Plateau

    ...
  • Almaty

    Almaty

    The most populated city in Kazakhstan and former capital, Almaty is surrounded by mountains, with streets lined by trees and parks scattered across the city...
  • Korgalzhyn Nature Reserve

    Korgalzhyn Nature Reserve

    ...
  • Karaganda

    Karaganda

    For a different view of Kazakhstan, take a day trip to Karaganda...
  • Kyrgyzstan

    Kyrgyzstan

    ...
  • Bishkek

    Bishkek

    ...
  • Lake Issyk Kul

    Lake Issyk Kul

    ...
  • Song Kul Lake

    Song Kul Lake

    Located in the mountains of Kyrgyzstan, Song Kul is a high-altitude, alpine lake perfect for hiking and horseback riding, although the area is covered in snow for the majority of the year...
  • Karakol

    Karakol

    Karakol, on the eastern side of Lake Issyk-Kul, is a traveler’s favourite...
  • Kochkor

    Kochkor

    ...
  • Osh

    Osh

    ...
  • Arslanbob

    Arslanbob

    Arslanbob is the perfect spot for those looking to escape the cities in favour of walking and hiking...
  • The Pamir Highway

    The Pamir Highway

    Connecting Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan by road through the Pamir Mountains, the M41, commonly referred to as The Pamir Highway, is the second highest highway in the world...
  • The Karkara Valley

    The Karkara Valley

    ...
  • The Suusamyr Valley

    The Suusamyr Valley

    ...
  • Tajikistan

    Tajikistan

    ...
  • Yagnob Valley

    ...
  • Dushanbe

    Dushanbe

    ...
  • Fann Mountains

    Fann Mountains

    ...
  • Panjakent

    Panjakent

    ...
  • Seven Lakes

    Seven Lakes

    ...
  • Khujand

    Khujand

    ...
  • Khorog

    ...
  • Turkmenistan

    Turkmenistan

    ...
  • Ashgabat

    Ashgabat

    Ashgabat is a wonder, in that it is a huge, richly decorated, marble clad capital city that’s streets are largely empty of people...
  • Darvaza

    Darvaza

    ...
  • The Karakum Desert

    The Karakum Desert

    The Karakum Desert covers a huge portion of Turkmenistan, bar the lizards, camels and other hardy wildlife, it is sparsely populated, with little rain falling across the area...
  • Konye-Urgench

    Konye-Urgench

    Konye-Urgench is just across the border from Khiva in Turkmenistan...
  • Merv

    ...
  • Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan

    Mosques, mausoleums and madrasahs
    Central Asia’s showstopper, Uzbekistan is synonymous with the famed Silk Road which weaved its way through much of this historic country...
  • Khiva

    Khiva

    The walled city of Khiva is made up of mud-brick buildings and has over 50 historic monuments meaning you will need a few days to explore the city...
  • Bukhara

    Bukhara

    Bukhara is over 2,000 years old, built on the site of a former Buddhist monastery, it has hundreds of minarets, mosques and madrassas with key sites being the Kalyan minaret, that's tower is a prominent landmark of the city, the Ismail Samani mausoleum and Bolo Haouz Mosque, one of many UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the city...
  • Samarkand

    Samarkand

    A rebuilt 14th-century city, Samarkand in Uzbekistan is a striking place to visit with mosques covered in ceramic tiles and sand coloured buildings...
  • Tashkent

    Tashkent

    ...
  • Termez

    Termez

    ...
  • Derbent

    Derbent

    ...
  • Fergana Valley

    Fergana Valley

    ...
  • Urgench

    ...

Central Asia

Magical landscapes and Silk Road cities

Sandwiched between the Middle East and China, Central Asia has earned its status as a crossroads for much of human history and civilisation.The "Five …

Read more

Planning a trip?

Get a custom itinerary with specialist advice from the experts

  1. Describe your ideal trip
  2. We connect you with a top tour company
  3. Get a custom itinerary with no pressure to book
Start planning

Why Horizon Guides?

Impartial guidebooks

Impartial guidebooks

Our travel guides are written by the leading experts in their destinations. We never take payment for positive coverage so you can count on us for impartial travel advice.

Expert itineraries

Expert itineraries

Suggested itineraries and routes to help you scratch beneath the surface, avoid the tourist traps, and plan an authentic, responsible and enjoyable journey.

Specialist advice

Specialist advice

Get friendly, expert travel advice and custom itineraries from some of the world’s best tour operators, with no spam, pressure or commitment to book.