Kyrgyzstan yurts background of mountains in Songköl Lake area
023_Uzbekistan_Samarkand_lowres
023_Kazakhstan_Big-Almaty-Lake

Sandwiched between the Middle East and China, Central Asia is a land of bloody history where warlords like Genghis Khan and Tamerlane ruled and rampaged. Made up of five former Soviet states ‒ Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan ‒ it's best known for being the central artery of the ancient silk route connecting China with Europe.


Uzbekistan is the cultural highlight, home to glittering silk road cities like Bukhara, Samarkand and Khiva, with their mosaic-laden madrasas, cobalt-domed mosques and souks thronging with traders. Elsewhere, it’s about experiencing untouched landscapes and the people who've lived in them for generations. Try the snow-capped Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, where traditional herding communities ride horses, sleep in traditional yurts and hunt with birds of prey.

  • Kazakhstan

    Kazakhstan

    A land for wanderers
    ...
  • Nur-Sultan (Astana)

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  • Astana

    ...
  • Charyn Canyon

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  • Altyn Emel National Park

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  • Turkestan

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  • Kyrgyzstan

    Kyrgyzstan

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  • Bishkek

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  • Issyk-Kul

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  • Song Kul

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  • Karakol

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  • Tajikistan

    Tajikistan

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  • Yagnob Valley

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  • Dushanbe

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  • Fann Mountains

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  • Turkmenistan

    Turkmenistan

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  • Ashgabat

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  • Darvaza

    ...
  • Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan

    Mosques, mausoleums and madrasahs
    Central Asia’s showstopper, Uzbekistan is synonymous with the famed Silk Road which weaved its way through much of this historic country...
  • Khiva

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  • Bukhara

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  • Samarkand

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  • Tashkent

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  • Termez

    ...
  • Derbent

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  • Fergana

    ...

Exploring The Silk Road

Highlights and key routes

Does anywhere conjure the spirit and romance of adventure quite like the Silk Road? The original transcontinental trade route; the stomping grounds of Marco Polo and Genghis Khan; a ribbon weaving across desert and mountain to connect medieval Europe with the mysterious and mighty civilisations to the east.

Get the guide

Central Asia Travel Specialists

Kalpak Travel

Small group tours of Central Asia
Destinations Central Asia
Tour Type Custom itinerary, Group tour, Private tour
Activity Nature & Wildlife, Culture, Active, Hiking & Trekking, Solo Travel

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