I already had an inkling I was heading somewhere different when I entered the train station of Astrakhan, a Russian port city near the Caspian Sea. The young man selling me the train ticket to Kazakhstan had the upper eyelid fold typical of much of Asia, but his name tag said Muhammed. That confused me. Like many people, I knew little about Central Asia. Actually, I knew virtually nothing.

It is always with a little trepidation that I cross the border into a new country. On the frontier between Russia and Kazakhstan, with a forced smile, I handed my passport to two stern-looking border guards wearing outsized military hats. Our train had been chugging along for a good few hours through an endless steppe landscape. I had already made friends with my companions in the carriage. As the only foreigner on the train, everyone was curious to find out what I was doing in their country. Most of my fellow travellers seemed to be grannies or mothers with newborns, either visiting relatives or heading to a wedding or a funeral. But the train also carried migrant workers; students, a wrestling team and a pensioner doing a decent trade in slugs to be used as a skin treatment.

The border guards, however, did not seem happy with my passport. I needed to come and talk to the train conductor This spelled trouble. Exactly what my mum had warned me for.

The guards looked at me, dark eyebrows under their hats frowned even more sternly now. Then a coy smile broke onto their faces. Could they practice their English? They were too shy to ask in front of everyone. Suddenly, cups of tea appeared from nowhere, the hats came off, and the atmosphere switched from forbidding to jolly.

After discussing my salary and comparing the price of cigarettes and second-hand cars in our respective countries, steering clear of any politics and instead agreeing on the fact that, without a doubt, Kazakh girls were the prettiest, we found ourselves squeezed together in the tiny cabin with more border guards, the train conductor and a travelling salesman, all toasting to the health of our nations.

In due time my passport was stamped, the train could move on, and we slowly rolled into Kazakhstan. I had started my journey on the Silk Road.

Seven years later, and I am still travelling on that long and winding road. As is so often the case, one’s preconceptions of a region and its inhabitants are dashed as soon as you delve beneath the surface. That’s what travel is for, right? Time and again, it has happened to me and the surprises keep coming.

Central Asia is much more than simply a few stops in a package tour. Its intriguing history and hugely diverse geography have given birth to a patchwork of ethnic groups, all with rich artistic and musical heritage; open invitations to get to know better this commonly overlooked region.

After being stuck behind the Iron Curtain for the better part of a century, the Silk Road has finally (if not fully) opened up to the world. Combined with progress in travel and technology, this means a Silk Road journey is now within everyone’s reach. The sheer breadth of experiences now possible along the Silk Road makes it more worthwhile than ever to visit.

A Silk Road journey

By Steven Hermans

Steven is the creator and editor of Caravanistan, an online travel guide to the Silk Road that was described by the Lonely Planet as a "peerless online travel guide to the region". He has been travelling the region since 2010, and has dedicated himself to improving tourism on the Silk Road, both for travellers and locals. You can follow his updates on news, politics and culture from Central Asia on twitter: @caravanistan.

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